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Chapter of the Year(2)

October 2014 Newsletter

October 2014


Bee Prepared for October 2014

Equipment:

  • Continue to check on equipment in storage for wax moth damage

Tasks

  • Not much work except to keep an eye on your hive
  • Place entrance reducers in the entrance
  • Check each colony for a laying queen
  • Combine weak hives
  • Leave one shallow super completely full of honey plus the honey in the brood chambers
  • Prepare hive for winter
  • Damage control
    • Strap down hive tops
      • Prevent wind or wildlife damage

Hive:

  • Feed
    • Continue to check hive weight
    • Leave one shallow super completely full of honey
    • Leave the honey in the brood chambers
    • Feed all colonies that don’t have a least 40 pounds of honey stored
      • A deep super or brood frame holds 6 pounds of honey
        • Completely filled will hold 60 – 80 pounds of honey
        • A shallow super frame holds 2 ½ pounds of honey
          • Completely filled will hold 25 – 30 pounds of honey
      • Feed a mixture of 2:1 sugar syrup
        • Beware of robbing
        • 2 gallons using a top feeder
        • Medicate with Fumagilin-B if needed
  • Frame placement
    • Make sure upper chamber frames are have open comb in the center
      • Used for spring broodnest expansion and clustering
      • Need honey and pollen in the bottom brood chamber
      • Make sure no capped brood or empty cells are located within the cluster
  • Install
    • Inner cover wedges for ventilation
      • Place under the back of the cover
      • Mouse guard at hive entrance
        • Entrance cleats restrict mice
      • Insulation boards under hive cover
        • Keeps colony dry
      • Set up wind break if necessary
  • Bees in winter
    • Large hive will not die from cold weather
      • They can survive extremely cold weather
      • Stay warm by clustering
        • Keeps each other warm
      • Temperature in the hive is only warm within the cluster
        • Don’t warm up the entire hive
  • Moisture in winter hives
    • Moisture can develop within the hive
    • Bees give off moisture
    • Moisture gathers above them
      • It can then drop down onto the cluster
      • This is what can kill bees in the winter
      • Can survive cold but not wet and cold
      • Moisture not a problem in the summer
  • Moisture prevention
    • Don’t let water condensation develop within the hive
    • Use fully opened screen bottom boards
      • Don’t cover or restrict bottom boards in winter
      • Allows enough ventilation within the hive to alleviate moisture build up
      • No need to wrap hives for winter in the South
      • Don’t allow gaps near the top cover

Johnston County, NC